Will science and good shoes help break the two-hour marathon barrier this weekend?

This weekend, Eliud Kipchoge, Lelisa Desisa and Zersenay Tadese will attempt to run a marathon in under two hours. Its a bold and some say impossible goal, and a hell of a marketing campaign for Nike, which has been dumping time, money and resources into Saturdays event for a few years now.

The Breaking2 race (not to be confused with the mid-80s breakdancing sequel of similar name) was announced late last year, but its timing was only unveiled earlier this week, due to a confluence of factors involved in making the conditions perfect for the three runners involved. The event goes down at 5:45 a.m local time in Monza, Italy, just outside of Milan. The actual event will be closed to the public Nike will, naturally, be live streaming the race, which kicks off at 8:45PM PT, 11:45PM ET tonight.

So whats Nike bringing to the table here? Setting is part of story, as is the selection of the three runners from its roster of sponsored athletes. Sixty-five employees have been working on the project, along with a team of researchers at the shoe giants Sport Research Lab, poked and prodded around 20 or so candidates to determine who was best suited to hit the goal, based on factors like running economy and VO2 Max, which measures oxygen intake during a workout that thing that theyre calculating when runners wear the mask with all the tubes on the treadmill.

And naturally, theyll all be wearing Nikes. All three runners will be sportinga variation of the Zoom Vaporfly Elite. The shoes were first announced in March and will be hitting stores around next month. Should any of the trio eke in under the two-hour mark, its tough to imagine a much better ad for the $250 shoes. Each runner will have his own specially tuned version of the shoe, of course, but the underlying principles are more or less the same.

The shoes sport a massive, one-inch thick sole, featuring a newly created foam and a carbon fiber plate inside. According to the company,

In addition to providing a feeling of forward motion, the carbon fiber plate critically serves to add bending stiffness, tuned to improve stride-by-stride efficiency for the three athletes and minimize energy loss over the course of the race.

The companys Director of Next Generation Research Brad Wilkins claimed to TechCrunch in a conversation this week that the shoes are capable of reducing the amount of energy exerted when running a key factor when running these distances.

Weve seen that they can give you a four-percent reduction in the amount of energy required to run at the speeds that were looking at, he explained. Whether that lasts throughout the whole race, thats still a hole in our knowledge. We have ideas that were working on now that go beyond that and bring even more percentage points in reducing this running economy value.

Klipchoge, Desisa and Tadese have all gotten within 11 minutes of the time. Kipchoge of Kenya came the closest of the three, when his 2:03:05 time at the 2016 London Marathon became the third-fastest marathon time, ever. Nike has invested a fair bit into making sure the conditions are ideal, from the temperature, to the weather, to the angles of course, finally setting on a race-track in Italy thats home to the Formula One Italian Grand Prix.

It seems a bit arrogant on Nikes part to suggest that the show company can ultimately do much to improve upon the times of three of the worlds fastest runners a fact that the company seems to accept.

At no time did we have the ego or naivet to think we could come in and say, hey, do it this way and youll be awesome, Wilkins added. Because these guys are awesome. We did not take that approach to take over. These coaches have trained a lot of really good runners, so were not going to change that.

Theres plenty of doubt leading up to the event. While its commonly accepted that the two-hour barrier will eventually be broken, most projections have it happening much further out, in spite of many running having come within what appears to be spitting distance of the number. Runners World did a comprehensive study on what it would take to hit the number and landed on 2075 as the approximate year it would go down.

After three years of prep, the company will finally put its $800 million advertising budget where its mouth is. This is the application of all of that work and the science and theory thats been around the potential to break a two-hour marathon for the past three decades, says Wilkins. This is truly an application of the science. Weve quit talking and are trying to put it all together and see what happens.

Read more: https://techcrunch.com/2017/05/05/will-science-and-good-shoes-will-help-break-the-two-hour-marathon-barrier-this-weekend/

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